Scranton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Pennsylvania and the county-seat of Lackawanna County. It had a population just over 76,000 as of 2015, and is the largest city in the Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton Metro Area, contributing to is population of 570,000. Officially incorporated as a borough on Valentine’s Day in 1856, Scranton received city-status on April 23, 1866.
In the late eighteenth century, Scranton was inhabited by members of the native Lenape Tribe, from whom the name Lackawanna originated. Isaac Tripp, known locally as the first white settler, built his home in North Scranton, which was originally known as Providence. Scranton’s industrial progress began in 1846, with iron and steel playing a large role in Scranton’s economic advancement.
By 1900, Scranton was the 38th-largest city in the United States and the third-largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Nevertheless, contractions in the steel and iron industry led Scranton to lose valuable jobs and, in turn, its citizens. Indeed, Scranton would soon see the Lackawanna Steel Company move to Lackawanna, New York.
Scranton’s experience with professional sports dates back to 1887, when the city established its minor league baseball team, the Scranton Indians. Today, teams located in Scranton include the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders (its parent team being the New York Yankees), the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins (Pittsburgh Penguins), the Electric City Shock and the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Steamers.
Scranton is home to the Electric City Trolley Museum, the Everhart Museum, the Montage Mountain Ski Resort, the Toyota Pavilion at Montage Mountain, the Scranton Cultural Center at the Masonic Temple and the Electric Theatre Company. Scranton is also home to the University of Scranton, The Commonwealth Medical College, Johnson College, Lackawanna College, Marywood University and Penn Foster Career School.
Notable residents include Vice President Joseph R. Biden, former Secretary of State and current Democratic front-runner Hillary Rodham Clinton, Oakland Raiders quarterback Matt McGloin and Alex Grass, lawyer and founder of Rite-Aid.
The Lackawanna County Courthouse is located at 200 North Washington Avenue in Scranton, Pennsylvania, 18503.